The Andalusian horse, being also known as the Pure Spanish Horse or PRE, is a species that originates from the Iberian peninsula, where it has lived for thousands of years. The species is considered to remain unchanged since the 15th century AD.
The Andalusian is an impressive, elegant animal. The mane and tail are thick and rich, while its body is strongly built but compact. The head is medium-lengthed, while their profile is straight or moderately rounded. The neck is tall and wide and the chest is quite big and solid. Andalusian horses also have broad backs and strong hindquarters. Most Andalusian horses are of grey color, but a roughly 20% of the species are of different colors.
Regarding size, geldings and stallions are on average 156 cm tall and weigh around 512 kg. On the other hand, mares are on average 154 cm tall and weigh about 412 kg.
The movement of an Andalusian horse is protracted, exalted, cadent and harmonic, with a round, forward-moving balance.
The prominent characteristics of the attitude of an Andalusian horse are obedience, intelligence and susceptibility. Additionally, this horse tends to be fast to learn, responsive and cooperative when it is treated respectfully.
Until the 19th century, the finesse and value of the gift given by the diplomat to the host king was analogous to the appreciation felt by the sending royalty. Therefore, due to its finesse and elegance, the Andalusian horse was used as an instrument of the active Spanish diplomacy, hence being ridden by royals and nobles throughout Europe until the 19th century.
Due to their intelligence, strength, loyalty and courage, Andalusian horses were used as war horses or draft horses. Their contemporary purposes also include dressage, driving, showjumping, mounted bullfighting, as well as films, particularly those of epic or mythical theme.
Below is a photo gallery of this impressive breed